The beetroot is a popular root vegetable that is used in many kitchens around the world. The beetroot is rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds, some of which also have medicinal properties. In addition, the beetroot tastes very good and can be easily integrated into the menu. You can harvest the nut-sized turnips just by singling out the plants – these are often offered in farm shops or at farmers’ markets. The butter-tender vegetables can complement the menu early in the year and score with top health values.
The origin of the beetroot
The Romans brought the beetroot to Europe. Today it grows very easily in the colder regions of the world, for example, in Russia, Scandinavia, Poland, and Germany. You can usually get fresh beetroot from late autumn to winter and often well into spring, both at greengrocers and at the weekly market.
Incidentally, beetroot is closely related to Swiss chard and sugar beet. However, the beetroot was not always red, but only got its red color through refinements in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Is nitrate toxic to the body?
For a long time, it was believed that the nitrogen compounds in beetroot become carcinogenic substances (nitrosamines) in the body. Today we are sure that the nitrates from beetroot in no way increase the risk of developing cancer. Much more the opposite is the case, because the more beetroot you eat, the healthier you are. This is ensured by the nitrate contained in the beetroot. Shortly after ingestion, the body converts the nitrate into nitric oxide and can thus significantly improve athletic performance.
Beetroot to protect liver and gall bladder
Beetroot is rich in the secondary plant substance betaine, which can stimulate the function of the liver cells. At the same time, the gallbladder is strengthened so that the bile ducts remain healthy and kept free. Ultimately, this ensures healthy digestion and ensures that toxins and other metabolic end products are completely and quickly excreted in the body.
Beetroot to protect the heart and blood vessels
Furthermore, betaine has the ability to lower homocysteine levels. This ensures protection against heart and vascular diseases. Homocysteine is a toxic amino acid that is produced in the body during protein metabolism. However, through further processing in the body, the amino acid cysteine is immediately defused again.
If this is not possible for any reason, which can be the case, for example, due to a folic acid deficiency or a vitamin B deficiency, the increased homocysteine level can, under certain circumstances, lead to vascular damage and thus in turn to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Good mood by eating beetroot
Certainly, beetroot does not work as strongly or as quickly as a stimulant or antidepressant. However, it is clear that betaine, which is also known as trimethylglycine (TMG), serves as a mild mood enhancer because it can increase the level of the happiness hormone serotonin.
Protection against cancer through beetroot
Beetroot is also known to many from the so-called beet therapy. Doctors who treat their patients naturopathically, in particular, use this therapy. The preventive measure of therapy for colon cancer, leukemia, and various blood diseases is known. However, the beets and the raw leaves are used as a juice or in a green smoothie as part of the therapy.
Fresh breath and quick wound healing with beetroot
Especially after consuming garlic, the consumption of beetroot leaves has proven itself, because they counteract bad breath. Among the Romans, Hippocrates recommended beetroot leaves for bandaging slowly healing wounds.
Detoxification of the body with beetroot
Beetroot detoxifies the body and cleans it internally. If you have to cleanse your colon, you can force it by enjoying the fresh juice of beetroot and leaves every day. In addition, the consumption of beetroot increases your resistance, so that many complaints will soon be a thing of the past. The body reacts very well to the consumption of beetroot for skin problems such as acne, abscesses, and boils.
Beetroot as a source of folic acid
As is known, beetroot is rich in folic acid. This is around 80 micrograms per 100 grams. The vital substance folic acid is immensely important for pregnant women, as it is required to produce new cells. If the expectant mother is adequately supplied with folic acid, the unborn child can be saved from the cleft lip and palate and the open back (spina bifida).
Image Source: Unsplash