Hypoglycemia is just one of the many complications that diabetes can have. A very low blood glucose level characterizes the condition. When the opposite occurs, that is, the blood glucose level is higher than recommended, we have hyperglycemia. It is important to mention that both problems are serious and undesirable – the ideal is to have a control and that the glucose levels in the blood are neither high nor low. In this text, we explain a little better what hypoglycemia is, list its most recurrent symptoms and also show why non-diabetics should also pay attention to the problem.

What is hypoglycemia

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As we mentioned, hypoglycemia is characterized by a low blood glucose level. If we consider that normal glucose levels are between 70 and 100 mg / dL, it is concluded that the volume of glucose below 70 mg / dL is already considered hypoglycemia. Levels between 31 and 70 mg / dL are considered mild hypoglycemia, and below 30 mg / dL are severe hypoglycemia. In addition to diabetes, other frequent causes of the problem are increased exercise without proper guidance, skipping meals and / or ingesting less than necessary, overdoing medications and drinking alcohol. You have to be very careful because hypoglycemia can cause loss of consciousness and even seizures in the most serious episodes.

Main symptoms and how to resolve

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However, it is essential to identify it before something like this happens. Some of the most common symptoms that help to identify an episode of hypoglycemia are:

Nervousness and anxiety;
Sweat and chills;
Irritability and impatience;
Mental confusion;
Dizziness or vertigo;
Hunger and nausea;
Blurry vision;
Tingling or numbness in the lips and tongue;
Weakness and fatigue;
Anger or sadness;
Lack of motor coordination;
If you experience these symptoms – and especially you already have a history or problems with diabetes – it is essential to take quick action as soon as possible. To treat hypoglycemia immediately, it is recommended to consume 15 to 20 grams of simple carbohydrates, such as a spoon of sugar or a spoon of honey. 15 minutes later, check your glucose and make sure it is normal. If not, repeat the process. If so, have a small snack.

Attention – non-diabetics can also have hypoglycemia!

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Finally, it is necessary to remember a very important piece of information: although hypoglycemia is a much more common problem in diabetics, it can also affect people who do not have this condition. That’s because the lack of glucose in the blood can be one of the consequences of an excess of insulin production by the body after a meal – it is the condition that we call reactive hypoglycemia. Other factors, including high alcohol consumption, hepatitis, adrenal gland disorders, pituitary gland, kidney problems and pancreatic tumors can also be reasons behind hypoglycemia in non-diabetics. Even if it turns out to be an isolated case, care must be taken; reactive hypoglycemia can be an early sign of diabetes.


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